About Port Blair

Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, is a picturesque destination nestled in the Bay of Bengal, off the eastern coast of India. This tropical paradise is known for its stunning natural beauty, with lush green forests, pristine white-sand beaches, and crystal-clear waters. Port Blair serves as the gateway to the archipelago, offering a mix of rich history and vibrant culture. Visitors can explore historical landmarks such as the Cellular Jail, a haunting reminder of India's struggle for independence, and the Samudrika Marine Museum, which showcases the region's marine life and tribal culture. Adventure enthusiasts can indulge in water sports like scuba diving and snorkeling to discover the mesmerizing underwater world, while those seeking tranquility can unwind on the serene beaches like Radhanagar and Corbyn's Cove. Port Blair is a captivating blend of history, nature, and adventure, making it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking a unique and unforgettable experience.


The history of Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, is a fascinating tale of colonization, struggle for independence, and transformation into a modern Indian city. Here's a brief overview:

  1. Early Indigenous Inhabitants: Prior to the arrival of colonial powers, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were inhabited by indigenous tribes, notably the Great Andamanese, Onge, and Sentinalese. These tribes had a largely isolated existence for centuries.

  2. Colonial Era: The British established a penal colony on Chatham Island, near present-day Port Blair, in 1858 during the period of British colonial rule in India. The Cellular Jail, also known as "Kala Pani," was constructed to incarcerate Indian freedom fighters and other prisoners. Many prominent freedom fighters, including Veer Savarkar, were imprisoned here.

  3. World War II: During World War II, the Japanese occupied the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from 1942 to 1945. After the war, the islands were handed back to the British, and eventually, they became part of independent India in 1947.

  4. Post-Independence: After gaining independence, the Indian government continued to use the Cellular Jail as a prison until 1969. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands were declared a Union Territory of India in 1956, with Port Blair as its capital.

  5. Development and Tourism: Over the years, Port Blair has transformed from a colonial-era penal colony into a thriving city. The region has seen significant development in infrastructure, tourism, and administration. It has become a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors with its natural beauty, historic sites, and water sports.

  6. Tsunami of 2004: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands were severely affected by the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, which caused widespread devastation. Efforts have since been made to rebuild and develop the region.

Today, Port Blair stands as a testament to its historical significance, with landmarks like the Cellular Jail serving as a reminder of India's struggle for independence. It has also become a vibrant and culturally diverse city, welcoming tourists from around the world to explore its natural wonders and rich history.


Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, experiences a tropical monsoon climate with warm temperatures and high humidity year-round. Summers, from March to June, are hot and humid, with temperatures ranging from 24°C to 34°C. Monsoon season, from May to September, is characterized by heavy rainfall and continued high humidity. Post-monsoon months, October to November, see decreasing rainfall and humidity levels, while the winter season, from December to February, offers pleasant and relatively dry weather with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 30°C. Overall, the post-monsoon and winter months are favored by tourists for comfortable outdoor activities and exploration of the region's natural beauty.

How to Reach

Reaching Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, can be done by air or sea due to its geographical isolation from the Indian mainland. Here's how to reach Port Blair by both air and sea:

By Air:

  1. Domestic Flights: Veer Savarkar International Airport (IXZ) in Port Blair is the main airport serving the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. You can reach Port Blair by taking a domestic flight from several major Indian cities. The major airports with regular flights to Port Blair include Mumbai (BOM), Delhi (DEL), Kolkata (CCU), Chennai (MAA), Bangalore (BLR), and Hyderabad (HYD), among others. Multiple airlines like Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, GoAir, and others operate flights to Port Blair.

By Sea:

  1. Passenger Ships: The Indian government operates passenger ship services between the Indian mainland cities of Chennai, Kolkata, and Visakhapatnam to Port Blair. These ships offer an alternative mode of transportation to the islands. The journey can take varying durations depending on the route and the specific ship, typically ranging from 2 to 4 days. It's important to note that the schedule of these ships can be subject to change due to weather conditions and other factors. Travelers interested in this option should check with the authorities for the latest information, including schedules and ticket availability.

Important Tips:

  • When traveling to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, especially by sea, it's essential to plan well in advance and book your transportation tickets ahead of time, especially during the peak tourist season.
  • Keep in mind that the sea route can be subject to weather-related disruptions, so it's advisable to have a flexible travel itinerary and be prepared for potential delays.
  • The Veer Savarkar International Airport is the most convenient and quickest way to reach Port Blair, making it the preferred choice for most travelers.